Learning how to Learn – Resources and Key Points

the following is a summary of the forum discussions that were facilitated by Nicolette, Allen and Marilyn:

Key points

  • Metacognition is awareness or analysis of one’s own learning or thinking processes.
  • Metacognition makes the learner aware of how they have to change their learning to best capitalize their learning.
  • The path for most effective learning is through knowing yourself, your capacity to learn, the process you have successfully used in the past and your interest in, and knowledge of the subject you wish to learn.
  • Reflection can be used to develop metacognition, promoting deep learning and as a strategy for lifelong learning.
  • Note taking is an important tool which helps with metacognition. It is a learning process in itself, helping students to process and understand the information they receive.
  • Problem-solving is a subset of critical thinking.
  • IDEAL represents the five steps to solve problems. Identify the problem. Define and represent the problem. Explore possible solution strategies. Act on the strategies. Look back and evaluate. This scheme is beneficial in a large number of disciplines.
  • Instructional strategies include all approaches that a teacher may take to actively engage students in learning. Effective instructional strategies meet all learning styles and development needs of the learners, promoting higher level learning, ensuring the content is retained.
  • Simulation is a great instructional strategy that provides a ‘fertile’ learning environment for students.
  • Phenomenology involves understanding that what we perceive is important or a phenomenon may be perceived completely differently by any other person because what we see or learn is unique to us.
  • Emotions shape thinking and affect the critical and creative thinking skills of students.  .
  • It is crucial that instructors set up the learning situation in a manner that arouses learners’ feelings of security, well-being, and self-confidence. It’s equally important to challenge them without threats, intimidation, or pressure” (Weiss, 2000, p. 3).
  • Thinking Maps; mind maps, graphic organizers, advance organizers, and marginal notes can be effective tools for completing the metacognition process. These tools have been used successfully in the classroom to assist learners with processing information for deeper understanding.
  • Instructors must be masters of differentiating the curriculum to meet the needs of all students, to remediate or accelerate instruction, and to provide all students with the opportunity to learn and grow.
  • “Going meta” refers to the process of stepping back to see what you are doing, as if you were someone else observing it. “Going meta” means becoming an audience for your own intellectual performance. The challenge is helping students learn how to “go meta” in regard to thought processes that are not directly visible in order to improve their cognitive performances.


Learning to Learn: Metacognition



Learning as an adult



Memorizing vs. Process for Learning



How to take metacognitive notes


Metacognitive note taking


Effective Note Taking Strategies


Top 10 Study Tips for Busy Adult Learners


Teaching Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Skills


Miller, M. (2013). Solving math word problems in elementary grades.from Home School Math: http://www.homeschoolmath.net/teaching/word-problems.php

National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. (2014). Why is Teaching With Problem Solving Important to Student Learning? Brief.  from National Council of Teachers of Mathematics: http://www.nctm.org/news/content.aspx?id=25713

An Effective Five-Minute Lesson On Metacognition


Keys to Success: How to Achieve Your Goals, Sixth Canadian Edition


Becoming a master student.Intro to the 13th Edition


Interactive Techniques






Of dispositions, attitudes, and habits:
exploring how emotions shape our thinking




The Muppets explain phenomenology


Weiss, R. (2000). Emotion and learning – Implications of new neurological research for training techniques. Training and Development, 16. Retrieved from



How to Facilitate Introverts and Extroverts in Your Group or Classhttp://www.globallearningpartners.com/blog/how-to-facilitate-introverts-and-extroverts-in-your-group-or-class


Shorts / Why Can’t You Use Phones on Planes?


Smart Strategies That Help Students Learn How to Learn


Pat Wolfe – Brain Research – Thinking Maps


Metacognition: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metacognition

What is Metacognition:


Successful Learning http://www.cdtl.nus.edu.sg/success/sl19.htm

Fact Sheet: Metacognitive Processes https://teal.ed.gov/tealGuide/metacognitive

Starfish an inspirational message for all teachers https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9nZkq31J-GY

Peirce, W. (2003, January 1). METACOGNITION:Study Strategies, Monitoring, and Motivation. METACOGNITION. Retrieved May 21, 2014, from http://academic.pg.cc.md.us/~wpeirce/MCCCTR/metacognition.htm

Thinking about thinking Metacognition


How to get the most of studying: A video serieshttp://www.samford.edu/how-to-study/

Lang, J. (2012, January 17). Metacognition and Student Learning. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved May 19, 2014, from http://chronicle.com/article/MetacognitionStudent/130327/?sid=at



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